Recent experimental work has demonstrated production of quasi free-standing graphene by gold intercalation. The intercalation weakens the coupling of adjacent graphene layers and yields Dirac fermion behavior of monolayer graphene.
Researchers at Clark Atlanta University and Morehouse College have investigated the electronic characteristics of gold intercepted graphene bilayer under a perpendicularly applied electric field. Evolution of the band structure of intercalated graphene as a function of the bias is studied by means of density-functional theory including interlayer van der Waals interactions. The findings suggest a controllable band gap opening in gold intercalated graphene for future device applications. The work was published in Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.